FRITZ!Box 7330 Service - Knowledge Base
Cannot access FRITZ!Box home network using port sharing
Although port sharing is configured, you cannot access the FRITZ!Box or devices (for example NAS systems) or web servers, remote maintenance servers, and other server services in your home network from the internet.
Note:All instructions on configuration and settings given in this guide refer to the latest FRITZ!OS for the FRITZ!Box.
Simply proceed as described below. After each measure, check whether the problem persists.
1 Public IP address required for access
You can only access the FRITZ!Box or devices in the home network over the internet if the FRITZ!Box obtains a public IPv4 address from your internet service provider when it connects to the internet:
Access over the internet is not possible if the FRITZ!Box obtains a private IPv4 address.
You can find out whether the FRITZ!Box obtained a public or private IPv4 address by following the steps in our guide Identifying the address range of the IPv4 address for the internet connection.
2 Setting up port sharing in the FRITZ!Box
Setting up static port sharing
The following step is only necessary if the device or server service uses UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) to open the ports it requires in the FRITZ!Box itself:
Note:If static port sharing is not configured for a device or application in the FRITZ!Box, in some cases other devices or applications may be able to configure the necessary port sharings for themselves using UPnP.
- Configure static port sharing in the FRITZ!Box for the devices or server services.
Deleting multiple port sharings for the same destination port
You cannot access different devices in the home network over the internet if packets being sent to the same port (destination port) on the FRITZ!Box are supposed to be forwarded to different IP addresses in the home network.
If several port sharings are configured for the same destination port, then the first port sharing rule to be used deactivates all of the other port sharing rules for this destination port. Other port sharings are blocked from using this destination port until it has not been accessed for 15 minutes.
In the FRITZ!Box you configured port sharing from port 80 to port 80 for a web server, and port sharing from port 81 to port 80 for a NAS system. The web server cannot be reached if the NAS system is being accessed over the internet.
Use a different destination port for each port sharing. Otherwise you may not be able to or sometimes may not be able to access certain devices or server services:
- Click "Internet" in the FRITZ!Box user interface.
- Click "Permit Access" in the "Internet" menu.
- Click on the "Port Sharing" or "Port Forwarding" tab.
- If several ports sharings are configured for the same destination port ("to Port") in the "List of Shared Ports":
- Configure the devices or server services to use a port that is not used by other devices in the FRITZ!Box home network.
- Click the (Edit) button next to all port sharings for the same destination port and enter a new port number for "to Port".
Configure port sharing from port 80 to port 80 for your web server. Configure port sharing from port 81 to port 81 for the user interface of your NAS system and adjust its settings so you can use port 81 to open its user interface.
3 Configuring parental controls to allow internet access
You cannot access devices in the home network over the internet if the FRITZ!Box parental controls restrict the device's internet access. Therefore, make sure that the respective devices are allowed to access the internet:
- Click "Internet" in the FRITZ!Box user interface.
- Click "Filters" in the "Internet" menu.
- Click on the "Parental Controls" tab.
- Check whether internet use has been restricted for the device you want to access.
- If internet use has been restricted or blocked for the device, configure the parental controls for the device so that it has unrestricted internet access.
4 Disabling the NetBIOS filter
The following step is only necessary if you want to use the SMB or CIFS protocol to establish connections to devices in the FRITZ!Box home network (for example to access shared files or printers over the internet):
ATTENTION!The FRITZ!Box filters TCP and UDP ports 139 and 445 ("NetBIOS filter") because they are often used to attack computers and these ports are normally not required for communication in the internet. Only disable the NetBIOS filter if a firewall is set up on each of the computers.
5 Configuring the computer's firewall
If the server service or application is installed on a computer with its own firewall (for example Windows firewall), you must also configure the firewall:
- Configure the computer's firewall according to the manufacturer's instructions so that the server service or application can be accessed from the FRITZ!Box home network.
Now the FRITZ!Box is completely configured so that the FRITZ!Box or devices or server services in the FRITZ!Box home network can be accessed over the internet.
Note:If the issue persists, inappropriate settings or errors in the relevant application or device may be the cause.